Upper GI Scopy or OGD Scopy
A flexible fibreoptic tube is inserted under sedation via the mouth to examine the Oesophagus or gullet (tube that carries food from mouth down to stomach), stomach and duodenum (the 1st part of the small intestine) under video guidance.
Diagnostic endoscopy is to detect causes of:
Nausea / vomiting
Fullness of abdomen
Unexplained weight loss
Bleeding from throat
Biopsy of any abnormal growth
Remove stuck objects, (foreign body throat/oesophagus)
Treatment of bleeding ulcers/esophageal vertices
Esophageal dilatation for structure
You should not eat or drink for 4 to 8 hours before the procedure. Smoking and chewing gum are also prohibited.
You should tell about all health conditions especially heart and lung problems, diabetes, and allergies— and all medications you are taking including NSAIDs, aspirin and blood thinners.
Driving is not permitted for 12 to 24 hours after upper GI endoscopy to allow sedatives time to completely wear off. You should arrange for someone to drive back home.
You will be given a local, liquid anesthetic that is gargled or sprayed on the back of the throat. Sometimes a mild sedative may be given.
During the procedure, you will lie on your back or side on an examination table. An endoscope is fed down the esophagus and into the stomach and duodenum.
A small camera mounted on the endoscope transmits a video image to a monitor for close examination of the lining.
After upper GI endoscopy, patients stay for half an hour to one hour. They may have mild throat discomfort for a day . Unless otherwise directed, patients can resume their normal diet and medications immediately.
Some results from upper GI endoscopy are available immediately after the procedure. Biopsy results are usually ready in a few days.