Laparoscopy FAQ

Laparoscopy FAQ

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery / Laparoscopic Surgery?

faqLaparoscopy

Minimally invasive surgery is performed through very small incisions in the abdomen, using laparoscope and specialized instruments. This type of surgery is also called keyhole surgery.The laparoscope is a long thin instrument with a light source at its tip, to light up the inside of the abdomen or pelvis. Camera carries images to a video monitor, which the surgeon can view in real time. Specialized surgical instruments can be inserted through the laparoscope.

What Surgeries Can be Done by Laparoscopy?

  • Appendecectomy (appendix surgery) Hernia repair (including ventral and hiatal hernia, and through small incisions nearby
  • Laparoscopy is used either to treat the problem (laparoscopic surgery) or to diagnose it (diagnostic laparoscopy)
  • With laparoscopy, the doctor can identify diseased organs, take tissue samples for biopsy, and remove abnormal growths
  • Cholecystectomy (Gall-bladder surgery)
  • Chronic pancreatits and cancer Pancreas surgery
  • Fundoplication for GERD
  • Myotomy for achalasia
  • Adhesiolysis
  • Colon cancer and diverticular disease
  • Hysterectomy (uterus removal)
  • Tubal ligation (family planning surgery)

Other Minimally Invasive Surgeries

  • Piles painless stapler surgery
  • Doppler guided HAL & HAL RAR for piles
  • Endoscopic nose and sinus surgery
  • Balloon sinuplasty

What are the Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery?

  • Fast recovery
  • Short hospital stay
  • Less post-operative pain
  • Better cosmetic results

Comparison Between Open and Laparoscopic Surgery

FaqOpenLaparoscopic-surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery

  • Small Incisions (less than ½ an inch)
  • Hospital stay is 1 to 3 days
  • Patients usually return to work in 5 to 10 days
  • Lesser risk of Infection
  • Less pain
  • Less chance of hernias

Open Surgery

  • Large Incision
  • Hospital stay of about 5 days
  • Return to work in about 4 weeks
  • Greater risk of infection
  • More painful
  • More chance of hernias

Pre-Operative Instructions

  • Fasting (nil by mouth) for 6 hours prior to surgery preferably 12 hours
  • Your doctor may ask you to drink a laxative to cleanse your intestine
  • Stop (smoking, alcohol, tobacco chewing) 7 days prior to surgery
  • Take (anti-thyroid medicine and anti-hypertensive) with a sip of water on the day of surgery prior to it
  • Stop taking aspirin, products that contain aspirin, or certain blood thinner medications. May have to take these medicines with advice of doctor, who has prescribed it
  • Get admitted without wearing any ornaments / threads / bracelets / ring etc, as it will not be allowed in the operation theatre
  • Arrange for someone to take you to the hospital the day of surgery, and to stay with you following surgery

Post-Operative Instructions

  • No bed rest is advised
  • Do all your daily activities like: (bathing, going to washroom etc)
  • Take small frequent meals rather than having 2-3 heavy meals per day
  • Do not lie-down immediately after meals
  • Avoid spicy / oily foods for 3-4 weeks post surgery
  • Have plenty of oral fluids and high fiber diet to avoid constipation
  • Do not lift heavy weights and do strenuous exercise or work for at least 1½-month post surgery
  • Avoid (yoga, kapalbhati, etc,) for at least 1-month post surgery
  • Wear abdominal binder while rising up from the bed and lying down to avoid strain over the abdomen
  • Do not wear belt while sleeping
  • Bring all the reports and discharge summery while coming for follow-up
  • If you have any problems and queries, please contact doctor

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