Hepatitis Is inflammation of liver, can heal by its own or may progress to scarring.
Acute hepatitis lasts under 6 months, Chronic lasts longer.
Mostly cause by Hepatitis viruses, called A, B and C
Alcohol, medicines and chemical may also cause inflammation.
Genetic problem, metabolic disorder or obesity can also cause hepatitis, it is non infectious and cannot spread from person to person.
Hepatitis A: caused by Hepatitis A virus spread by infected food or water. It generally heals without any chronic disease.
Hepatitis B: This is Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). Caused by Hepatitis B virus and spread by contact with blood, semen and body fluids.
It can spread by infected blood, may become chronic and infected needles like when getting a tattoo, sharing razor or toothbrush with infected person. Infected mothers milk may transmit disease to baby.
Patient can have serious liver damage and cancer.
Hepatitis C: Caused by Hepatitis virus usually spread through direct contact with blood of a person with disease. Liver can be damaged and develop cirrhosis in 20% which in turn have chances of developing cancer.
Acute phase symptoms:
Muscle /joint pain
Loss of appetite
If symptoms worsen:
Dark urine/light feces
Hepatitis A: Majority patients recover spontaneously, avoidance of alcohol and symptomatic treatment is given.
Hepatitis B: Rest is advised. Diet rich in protein and carbohydrate and antiviral interferon is given.
Hepatitis C: Ribavirin and interferon is prescribed.
Nonviral hepatitis: Harmful substance is to be flushed out of the stomach by induced vomiting or hyperventilation.