Each one of us would like to lose weight, however, bariatric surgery is meant for those who are morbidly obese. People with a body mass index (BMI) of over 35 are considered as severely obese and perfect candidates for this surgery.
Here are the main factors that you need to consider before going for this surgery:
You must have a minimum BMI of 40 for at least five years, or a minimum BMI of 35 with medical complications that are related to obesity.
Be between the ages of 18 and 65. Those above or below this age criteria can be considered on a case-to-case basis.
There should be evidence of previous attempts to lose weight through a medically supervised program like exercise, diet and lifestyle modifications.
Studies have revealed that Bariatric surgery can help in improving your health and also lengthen your life span if you are severely obese. Bariatric surgery helps you in achieving and maintaining your weight as compared to the rest of the non-surgical treatments.
Bariatric surgery helps you in losing weight and as a result many diseases like blood pressure, heart ailments, diabetes and others that are related to obesity can be kept under control and you may see improvements in serious medical conditions.
While some of the bariatric surgeries are performed as open surgery, there are some types which can be performed using the laparoscopic method. In laparoscopic bariatric surgery, instead of a large incision on the abdomen, a small incision is made and tiny instruments are inserted inside the abdomen through this incision.
Because of the minimally invasive nature of laparoscopy, the recovery time, stay in the hospital, post-operative pain and infection risks are reduced as compared to that of an open surgery.
However, in some cases, laparoscopic bariatric surgery may not be possible if the patient is very obese or if he or she has undergone previous surgeries. The decision of the appropriate surgery method is made by the bariatric surgeon by taking into consideration various parameters of the patient.
Post- surgery, you are required to follow the dietary instructions provided by your doctor and follow the check-ups in order to recover completely. It is better to follow the post-operative counselling sessions that your doctor may provide to have a healthy life ahead.
However, it is important to modify your dietary and activity habits as per your doctor’s instructions for the long-term too to help you get through the physical and social changes that result from a dramatic weight loss surgery. Your doctor may advice you to follow some specialized diet plan in order to promote early healing of the digestive tract and also to prevent any additional injury to organs that may already be traumatized by the surgery.
The amount of weight you are likely to lose after bariatric surgery depends on a number of factors, like the type of procedure performed, your health and weight before surgery (heavier patients tend to lose more), and how you follow your doctor’s recommended diet and exercise plans.