Allergy symptoms appear when body reacts to allergen (substances causing allergic reaction)which you inhaled, touched or ate.
Most common allergens are dust, pollen, feathers, animal dander, mold and food. An Ear Nose and Throat specialist may determine a management plan to make life comfortable.
Allergen causes histamine release producing common symptoms such as-
Itchy, burning, watery or bloodshot itchy eye, nasal congestion/stuffy nose, excess sneezing, running nose, post nasal drip, throat irritation/itching,
Patients with AR were 3 times more likely to subsequently develop Asthma. Some of patient with allergy have sinusitis, nasal polyps, deviated nasal septum.
Seasonal Allergy: if symptoms come in particular season and goes as season ends. Spring –allergy to pollen,summer-grass and weed etc.
Perennial Allergy: If allergy symptoms are year around, probably allergy is to indoor allergens such as dust mite, molds, and animal dander.
Non Allergic: symptoms caused by cold air exposure, strong smells, fumes, eating, exercise it is non-allergic rhinitis.
Typical symptoms are diagnostic of allergic rhinitis.
Ear Nose Throat specialist can check for deviated nasal symptoms, polyps and inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
Skin allergy tests and a RAST blood test may be advised.
Allergic Rhinitis is generally managed by:
1. Avoidance measures
2. appropriate antiallergic medication
3. immunotherapy in selected cases
1. Avoidance measures
Balanced Nutrition especially Vitamin C, zinc, selenium and magnesium.
Keep good hygienic measures by proper hand washing
Proper rest and sleep
Avoid emotional stress
Limit outdoor activity
Avoid exposure to allergen-environmental control
Keep windows/door closed
Use air conditioners instead of fan
Keep your home/ work area uncluttered as dust and molds gets collected over piles of papers and books. Dust regularly using a damp cloth.
Reduce moisture below 40 by use of dehumidifier.
Clean humidifier regularly.
Quit smoking and passive smoking
Avoid pets in house, or at least bedroom
Remove carpet from bedroom
Put pillows, bedsheets and mattress in sealed plastic covers
2.Use of Medication:
Anti-allergic antihistamine tablets
Steroid nasal sprays are effective
Allergy shots Reserved for patients who don’t respond well with medicines.
Common cold is caused by a veriety of viruses. Most common symptoms are nasal stuffiness, sneezing and watery runny nose.
Throat irritation may be present.
Cold is usually recovered in about 7 days with sometimes a lingering cough for a week. If cold lasts for longer it may be allergic rhinitis orsinusitis.